Поширеність факторів ризику серцево-судинних захворювань в Україні: сучасний погляд на проблему

Главни садржај чланка

D. D. Dyachuk
G. Z. Moroz
I. M. Hydzynska
T. S. Lasitsya

Анотація

Узагальнено інформацію щодо поширеності факторів ризику серцево-судинних захворювань та стану їх контролю в Україні за результатами популяційних досліджень та інформацією Державної служби статистики. Негативний вплив на розвиток серцево-судинних захворювань в Україні мають такі фактори ризику, як артеріальна гіпертензія, дисліпідемія, тютюнокуріння, порушення обміну глюкози та цукровий діабет 2-го типу, надлишкова маса тіла та ожиріння, нездорове харчування, низький рівень фізичної активності, високий рівень тривожності. Упродовж останніх десятиріч в Україні спостерігаються позитивні тенденції щодо підвищення поінформованості населення щодо ролі факторів ризику в розвитку серцево-судинних захворювань. Зареєстровано позитивні зміни щодо поширеності тютюнокуріння, покращання контролю артеріальної гіпертензії, збільшення рівня фізичної активності та дотримання здорового харчування. Впровадження заходів з доведеною ефективністю щодо профілактики серцево-судинних захворювань потребує державної підтримки профілактичних програм і забезпечення цільового державного фінансування їх виконання на рівні первинної та вторинної медичної допомоги.

Ключові слова

Серцево-судинні захворювання, артеріальна гіпертензія, фактори ризику, заходи профілактики

Завантаження

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Детаљи чланка

Посилання

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